Effect of strontium on transcription factors identified by transcriptome analyses of bovine ruminal epithelial cells

Panpan Tan, Yazhou Wang, Linshan Mei, Juan J. Loor, Chenxu Zhao, Yezi Kong, Fangyuan Zeng, Baoyu Zhao, Jianguo Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Strontium (Sr) has similar physicochemical properties as calcium (Ca) and is often used to evaluate the absorption of this mineral. Because the major route of Ca absorption in the bovine occurs in the rumen, it is essential to understand whether Sr impacts the ruminal epithelial cells and to what extent. Results: In the present study, RNA sequencing and assembled transcriptome assembly were used to identify transcription factors (TFs), screening and bioinformatics analysis in bovine ruminal epithelial cells treated with Sr. A total of 1405 TFs were identified and classified into 64 families based on an alignment of conserved domains. A total of 174 differently expressed TFs (DE-TFs) were increased and 52 DE-TFs were decreased; the biological process-epithelial cell differentiation was inhibited according to the GSEA-GO analysis of TFs; The GO analysis of DE-TFs was enriched in the DNA binding. Protein-protein interaction network (PPI) found 12 hubs, including SMAD4, SMAD2, SMAD3, SP1, GATA2, NR3C1, PPARG, FOXO1, MEF2A, NCOA2, LEF1, and ETS1, which verified genes expression levels by real-time PCR. Conclusions: In this study, SMAD2, PPARG, LEF1, ETS1, GATA2, MEF2A, and NCOA2 are potential candidates that could be targeted by Sr to mediate cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as lipid metabolism. Hence, these results enhance the comprehension of Sr in the regulation of transcription factors and provide new insight into the study of Sr biological function in ruminant animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number88
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024


  • Cell differentiation
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Strontium
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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