Effect of sorting boar spermatozoa by sex chromosomes on oviduct cell binding

Rebecca A. Winters, Lauren M. Nettenstrom, Domingo G. Lopez, Kilby L. Willenburg, Ramakrishnan Vishwanath, Nicolai V. Bovin, David J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the hypothesis that flow sorting sperm by sex chromosomes affects oviduct cell binding which would influence formation of the sperm reservoir in the oviduct. The sperm-rich fraction from boars (n = 5) was collected, sperm were stained with Hoechst 33342 and sorted. Sperm were sorted based on the presence of either an X or Y chromosome and placed into the following treatments: 1) sperm selected for the Y chromosome, 2) selected for the X, 3) an equal mixture of sorted X and Y, and 4) a control of non-sorted sperm from the same collection. Samples were tested for oviduct cell binding within 12 h of sorting. Additionally, sperm were analyzed for motility characteristics, acrosome status, and binding to the two oviduct glycan motifs that bind porcine sperm, biantennary 6-sialylated N-acetyllactosamine on a mannose core (bi-SiaLN) and sulfated LeX trisaccharide (suLeX). The disaccharide found within both glycan motifs, N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc), was used as a control. Sperm binding to oviduct cells was reduced by more than half in the three sorted samples when compared to the control sperm that were not sorted. The percentage of sperm that were motile 24 h after sorting was also decreased significantly in each of the sorted sample groups when compared to the unsorted control. In contrast, sorting did not decrease the percentage of sperm that bound purified soluble glycans or the location on sperm to which they bound. There was also no difference in sperm acrosome status among the four groups. In summary, sorting reduced sperm binding to the complex matrix around oviductal cell aggregates but sperm binding to purified soluble oviduct glycans was not affected. The requirement for higher affinity and motility to bind glycans immobilized on oviduct cells may explain this difference. The reduction in sperm fertility observed following sex-sorting may be explained partially by a reduced or altered ability to bind to the oviduct epithelium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalTheriogenology
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Boar
  • Fertility
  • Glycan
  • Oviduct
  • Sex-sorting
  • Sperm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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