Effect of sensible heat, condensation in superheated and subcooled region incorporated in unified model for heat rejection in condensers in horizontal round smooth tubes

Rahul Agarwal, Pega Hrnjak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Heat transfer in condensers is typically divided into 3 zones: superheated, two-phase and subcooled.The heat transfer coefficients (HTC) for these zones show discontinuity at qualities of 0 and 1, where two-phase correlations meet single phase flow correlations. The paper presents a model that bridges that discontinuity. It takes into account the condensation in de-superheating zone and subcooled liquid in two-phase zone which results in condensation in subcooled region. Cavallini et al. (2006) and Gnielinski correlations have been used as a baseline correlations in the model to calculate HTC in two-phase and single phase zone respectively. The model has been compared to experimental data in condensation for R1234ze(E), R134a and R32 conducted from superheated to subcooled region and predicts the HTC satisfactorily within an accuracy of 16% for these fluids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-388
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 5 2014



  • Condensation
  • Heat transfer
  • Horizontal
  • Model
  • Subcooled
  • Superheated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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