Effect of Resistance and Ethaboxam Seed Treatment on the Management of Phytophthora Root Rot in Illinois and Iowa

Daniel G. Cerritos-Garcia, Juan P. Granda, Rashelle Matthiessen, Brian W. Diers, Alison E. Robertson, Santiago X. Mideros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRR) is a limiting factor for soybean production. Seed treatments are used for early-season management, but efficacy can depend on seed selection and the local environment. Ethaboxam is a new fungicide commercially available as a seed treatment to control oomycetes. Field experiments were established in Illinois and Iowa in 2017 and 2018 to evaluate the effect of ethaboxam + metalaxyl on PRR. Experiments included soybean lines with no resistance gene, Rps1c or Rps1k, and different levels of partial resistance. Seed treatments increased soybean stands in all locations and years. Significant yield effects were observed only in two locations that were inoculated with Phytophthora spp. Groups of soybean lines with the same Rps gene responded differently in each location, showing how Rps gene usefulness depends on the field. A comparison of the effect of seed treatment on lines with different levels of partial resistance showed that partial resistance alone cannot always protect against stand losses. Soybean lines with high levels of partial resistance had consistently higher yields than those with low levels of partial resistance across Illinois locations. These results show that ethaboxam seed treatment can protect early-season stands and that selection of cultivars with high levels of partial resistance is important for PRR management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-65
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Health Progress
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021


  • Phytophthora sojae
  • ethaboxam
  • seed treatment
  • soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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