Three experiments (Exp) were conducted to study the effect of reciprocating (i.e., back-and-forth) fluctuations in dietary Lys concentration on growth performance of male broiler chicks. The Lys, CP, and ME concentrations were fluctuated in Exp 1 by varying corn and soybean meal concentrations. Corn-peanut meal diets in Exp 2 and 3 contained a constant calorie-protein ratio, but Lys concentrations were fluctuated by varying supplemental L-Lys·HCl. During 7-d feeding periods from d 8 to 43 posthatch, chicks fed the fluctuating regimen were provided diets with nutrient concentrations arranged in the following order (relative to control diets at any given point): excess-deficient-excess- deficient-adequate. In each Exp, differences in feed intake and gain:feed were observed during the first 7 d. Weight gain was never affected by dietary regimen. Overall, chicks fed the fluctuating regimen showed similar weight gain and feed intakes relative to chicks fed the control regimen. Additionally, efficiency of feed, Lys, CP, and ME utilization over the 35-d growth period of Exp 2 and 3 were not affected by dietary regimen. An increase in carcass yield (dressed, carcass weight as a percentage of live weight) of birds fed the fluctuating regimen was observed, but there were no differences in abdominal fat yield (as a percentage of dressed, carcass weight). These data support the conclusion that reciprocating 7-d periods of nutrient excess and deficiency do not affect overall growth performance of growing chicks.
- Compensatory growth
- Reciprocating lysine fluctuation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology