Effect of passive immunization against progesterone on its distribution in circulation and tissues of mice

R. A. Nowak, M. W. Wang, M. H. Hamon, D. J. Lamb, D. W. Bullock, R. B. Heap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anti-progesterone monoclonal antibody, injected to mice 32 h after mating at a dose that blocks the establishment of pregnancy, produced a significant reduction in the concentration of progesterone in the ovary and uterus within 6 h after treatment. Uterine concentrations remained lower in treated compared with control animals for at least 24 h after injection. There was an associated transient increase in plasma LH and FSH concentrations, but there was no change in plasma prolactin values. The percentage of total progesterone in the circulation that was unbound was reduced after treatment, but the concentration of unbound progesterone was increased. Studies of antibody binding of steroid in the presence of uterine progesterone receptor protein showed that there was a stoichiometric relationship in the distribution of ligand between the two binders. The present findings suggest that the effects of passive immunization against progesterone are associated with perturbation of tissue concentrations of steroid in the target organ as a result of high antibody concentrations in the circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-679
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • immunization
  • mouse
  • ovary
  • pregnancy
  • progesterone
  • uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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