Effect of obesity on acute hemostatic responses to live-fire training drills

Denise L. Smith, Gavin P. Horn, Steven J. Petruzzello, Gregory G. Freund, Jeffrey A. Woods, Marc D. Cook, Eric Goldstein, Bo Fernhall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of obesity and firefighting activities on coagulation and fibrinolytic activity in relatively young, apparently healthy firefighters. Firefighters performed simulated firefighting activities for 18 minutes in a live-fire training structure. Blood samples were obtained at baseline, before firefighting, and within a few minutes of completing the activity. Nearly all markers of coagulation and fibrinolytic activity increased immediately after firefighting with an overall shift toward a procoagulatory profile. Obese firefighters exhibited lower levels of tissue plasminogen activator activity (0.98 vs 0.63 IU/ml) and higher levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity (2.2 vs 4.5 ng/ml) at baseline compared with normal-weight firefighters, suggesting that fibrinolytic activity was lower in obese firefighters. There were few interactions between body mass index and firefighting activity, thus our findings suggest that obese firefighters did not exhibit a greater procoagulatory response to live firefighting compared with normal-weight firefighters. Acute live firefighting produced increases in both fibrinolytic and coagulatory responses; although obesity was associated with a reduced fibrinolytic profile at baseline, the changes produced by acute firefighting were similar in obese and nonobese firefighters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1768-1771
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume114
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

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Firefighters
Mandrillus
Hemostatics
Obesity
Weights and Measures
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Body Mass Index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Effect of obesity on acute hemostatic responses to live-fire training drills. / Smith, Denise L.; Horn, Gavin P.; Petruzzello, Steven J.; Freund, Gregory G.; Woods, Jeffrey A.; Cook, Marc D.; Goldstein, Eric; Fernhall, Bo.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 114, No. 11, 01.12.2014, p. 1768-1771.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Denise L. ; Horn, Gavin P. ; Petruzzello, Steven J. ; Freund, Gregory G. ; Woods, Jeffrey A. ; Cook, Marc D. ; Goldstein, Eric ; Fernhall, Bo. / Effect of obesity on acute hemostatic responses to live-fire training drills. In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2014 ; Vol. 114, No. 11. pp. 1768-1771.
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