Effect of microchannels on the crashworthiness of fiber-reinforced composites

Stephen J. Pety, Jia En Aw, Anthony C. Gendusa, Philip R. Barnett, Quinn A. Calvert, Nancy R Sottos, Scott R White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The integration of microchannels within structural composites enables a range of multifunctional responses such as thermal management and self-healing. In this work, we investigate how microchannels affect the crashworthiness of the host material. Corrugated panels are fabricated with aligned microchannels (ca. 400 µm diameter) at different channel spacing (10 mm and 1.2 mm), orientation with respect to the loading direction, and alignment with respect to the surrounding fiber-reinforcement. Specific energy absorbed (SEA) is measured by compression testing of samples with a chamfer edge trigger. SEA was preserved within 10% for all test cases. Flat (non-corrugated) panels are also tested to demonstrate that microchannels can serendipitously trigger stable, energy absorbing failure modes that lead to improved crashworthiness. Non-vascular panels without an edge chamfer fail catastrophically when compressed. In dramatic contrast, vascular panels fail in a stable fashion triggered by crack initiation at the microchannels, yielding ca. 10 times more energy absorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-436
Number of pages9
JournalComposite Structures
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2018

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Crashworthiness
Microchannels
Fibers
Composite materials
Compression testing
Energy absorption
Fiber reinforced materials
Crack initiation
Temperature control
Failure modes

Keywords

  • Crashworthiness
  • Damage triggering
  • Microvascular composites
  • Multifunctional materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Pety, S. J., Aw, J. E., Gendusa, A. C., Barnett, P. R., Calvert, Q. A., Sottos, N. R., & White, S. R. (2018). Effect of microchannels on the crashworthiness of fiber-reinforced composites. Composite Structures, 184, 428-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.105

Effect of microchannels on the crashworthiness of fiber-reinforced composites. / Pety, Stephen J.; Aw, Jia En; Gendusa, Anthony C.; Barnett, Philip R.; Calvert, Quinn A.; Sottos, Nancy R; White, Scott R.

In: Composite Structures, Vol. 184, 15.01.2018, p. 428-436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pety, Stephen J. ; Aw, Jia En ; Gendusa, Anthony C. ; Barnett, Philip R. ; Calvert, Quinn A. ; Sottos, Nancy R ; White, Scott R. / Effect of microchannels on the crashworthiness of fiber-reinforced composites. In: Composite Structures. 2018 ; Vol. 184. pp. 428-436.
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