Effect of microbial phytase and citric acid on phosphorus bioavailability, apparent metabolizable energy, and amino acid digestibility in distillers dried grains with solubles in chicks

C. Martinez-Amezcua, C. M. Parsons, D. H. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of OptiPhos phytase and citric acid for releasing the P that is not bioavailable in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). The effect of OptiPhos phytate on AMEn and amino acid digestibility was also determined. New Hampshire x Columbian chicks were fed experimental diets from 8 to 21 d of age. For Experiment 1, a basal P-deficient diet contained 40% DDGS plus supplemental amino acids, and DDGS was the only source of P. The basal diet was then supplemented with 1,000 or 10,000 phytase units (FTU)/kg of OptiPhos phytase or with 0.2% of P from KH2PO4. In Experiment 2, a slope-ratio chick growth and tibia ash assay used a P-deficient soybean meal basal diet, and it was found that the bioavailability of P in DDGS was 67%. For Experiment 3, a P-deficient basal diet with 30% DDGS plus supplemental amino acids was supplemented with 0.05 or 0.1% P from KH2PO4, with 3% citric acid, or with 1,000 or 10,000 FTU/kg of OptiPhos phytase. In Experiment 1, both 1,000 and 10,000 FTU/kg of phytase increased tibia ash but had no effect on AMEn. Both 10,000 phytase units (FTU)/kg of phytase and supplemental P increased digestibility of amino acids. In Experiment 3, supplemental phytase and citric acid increased tibia ash (mg/tibia), and it was estimated that phytase and citric acid could release from 0.04 to 0.07% P from DDGS. In terms of bioavailability coefficients, the bioavailability of the P in DDGS was increased from 62 to 72%. These results indicate that phytase and citric acid increase the bioavailability of P in DDGS, but phytase at 1,000 FTU/kg had no consistent effect on AMEn and amino acid digestibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-475
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Citric acid
  • Distillers dried grains with solubles
  • Phosphorus
  • Phytase
  • Poultry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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