A cadaveric model was developed to establish the articular contact area and load distribution in the ankle joint, posterior facet of the talocalcaneal joint, and talonavicular joint using pressure sensitive film. Positions of dorsiflexion, neutral, and plantarflexion were evaluated. This model was further used to determine the effect of talocalcaneal fusion on the articular contact area in the talonavicular and ankle joints. Alteration of articular contact was most pronounced in the talonavicular joint. There, a statistically significant reduction in contact area postfusion was noted when the foot was in the plantarflexed position. Reductions in ankle joint articular contact area were observed in the dorsiflexed and plantarflexed positions in the majority of specimens. Lateral displacement of the region of articular contact was noted in some specimens. A pressure-weighted centroid calculation was performed to provide a quantitative measure of the shift of the contact region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine