Serotonin (5-HT)2C receptors play a role in psychoaffective disorders and often contribute to the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of psychotropic drugs. During stress, activation of these receptors exerts a negative feedback on 5-HT release, probably by increasing the activity of GABAergic interneurons. However, to date, the GABA receptor types that mediate the 5-HT2C receptor-induced feedback inhibition are still unknown. To address this question, we assessed the inhibition of 5-HT turnover by a 5-HT2C receptor agonist (RO 60-0175) at the hippocampal level and under conditions of stress, after pharmacological or genetic inactivation of either GABA-A or GABA-B receptors in mice. Neither the GABA-B receptor antagonist phaclofen nor the specific genetic ablation of either GABA-B1a or GABA-B1b subunits altered the inhibitory effect of RO 60-0175, although 5-HT turnover was markedly decreased in GABA-B1a knock-out mice in both basal and stress conditions. In contrast, the 5-HT2C receptormediated inhibition of 5-HT turnover was reduced by the GABA-A receptor antagonist bicuculline. However, a significant effect of 5-HT2C receptor activation persisted in mutant mice deficient in the α3 subunit of GABA-A receptors. It can be inferred that non-α3 subunit-containing GABA-A receptors, but not GABA-B receptors, mediate the 5-HT2C-induced inhibition of stress-induced increase in hippocampal 5-HT turnover in mice.
- GABA-A α3 subunit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience