Effect of feeding schedule on fractionated particulate matter distribution in rooster house

N. Lovanh, J. Loughrin, P. Silva, R. Gates, J. Taraba, G. Day

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The persistence and long life expectancy of ammonia, odors and toxic pollutants from poultry houses may be due to the ability of suspended particulate matters (SPM) to serve as carriers for odorous compounds such as ammonium ions and volatile organic compounds. SPM is generated from the feed, animal manure, and the birds themselves. A large portion of odor associated with exhaust air from poultry' houses is SPM that have absorbed odors from within the houses. Understanding the fate and transport processes of particulate emissions in poultry house is a necessary first step in utilizing the appropriate abatement strategies. In this study, the examination of the effect of management strategies, in particular the feeding schedule, on the particulate matter (PM) distribution in a rooster house was carried out. Fractionated SPM (2.5 μm, 10.0 μm, and total inhalable fraction or TIH) were collected from a rooster house using particle trap impactors. The results showed that feeding regimen had a major effect on the SPM distribution in the poultry house. A marked increase in SPM concentrations was observed during non-feeding periods used to increase leanness in birds. During the 25 weeks of growth, the average concentration differences between feeding and non-feeding periods for PM 2.5, PM10, and TIH were 58%, 104%, and 149%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
Pages393-397
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: Sep 13 2010Sep 16 2010

Publication series

NameASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDallas, TX
Period9/13/109/16/10

Keywords

  • Air Quality
  • Fractionated Particulate Matter
  • Poultry
  • Rice Hull Bedding
  • Rooster
  • Suspended Particulate Matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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