Effect of feeding finishing pigs extruded full-fat soybeans on performance and pork quality.

D. E. Leszczynski, J. Pikul, R. A. Easter, F. K. McKeith, D. G. McLaren, J. Novakofski, P. J. Bechtel, D. E. Jewell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This experiment was designed to test whether changing the type and amount of added dietary fat would affect performance or meat quality. Dietary fat was added as tallow or extruded full-fat soybeans (FFS). Isoenergetic diets containing 10% FFS, 20% FFS, or 4% tallow were fed for 3 or 6 wk before slaughther. A conventional corn-soybean meal diet served as a no-added-fat control. Each of the seven dietary groups contained 20 pigs, equally distributed among four pens, with barrows and gilts segregated. Significance of treatment, sex, and interaction effects were evaluated for 34 meat quality, composition, and sensory evaluation traits. Treatment x sex interactions were not detected (P greater than .05). Treatment main effects were detected for percentage of fat and water in the bacon and for lipid oxidation in bacon and the longissimus muscle. The 6 df for treatment were partitioned into six contrasts to test for the trends within and between diets. A trend toward reduced fat and increased moisture in bacon was detected in the 10% FFS diet over time (P less than .05). In general, lipid oxidation of bacon and longissimus muscle increased with level of FFS in the diet, length of time on the diet, and storage time of the meat. Although statistically significant, the magnitude of these effects was small and did not affect the sensory characteristics of longissimus muscle samples. It was concluded that short-term feeding of FFS before slaughter did not adversely affect animal growth or meat quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2167-2174
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume70
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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