Effect of experience with predators on the behavior and survival of muskellunge and tiger muskellunge

David H Wahl, Lisa Mary Einfalt, Douglas B. Wojcieszak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We assessed predator acclimation as a technique to improve the poststocking survival of juvenile muskellunge Esox masquinongy and tiger muskellunge (muskellunge × northern pike E. lucius) in laboratory, pond, and lake experiments. For all experiments, a subset of esocids was exposed to feeding largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides (250-300 mm total length). In laboratory pools containing simulated vegetation (50% of pool), we tested the vulnerability of predator-acclimated and naive muskellunge and tiger muskellunge to largemouth bass predation. For both species, survival rates were similar regardless of predator experience. Predator-acclimated esocids, however, spent more time in the vegetation, indicating that exposure to predatorsmay alter some behaviors.We also introduced equal numbers of naive and predator-acclimated tiger muskellunge into ponds and lakes containing largemouth bass. To determine the number of surviving fish, ponds were drained after 7 d, whereas lakes were sampled immediately after stocking and throughout the fall.We found similar survival rates between naive and predator-acclimated individuals, suggesting that predator acclimation techniques that are successful with other species are not effective in reducing losses of stocked muskellunge and tiger muskellunge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the American Fisheries Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 10 2012


  • INHS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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