Effect of end plates on heat transfer of plate heat exchanger

Shenghan Jin, Pega Hrnjak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Steady-state heat transfer data for single-phase (water) in both frame-and-plate (FPHE) and brazed plate heat exchangers (BPHE) are presented with various number of chevron plates in U-type flow arrangement. Analysis of the experimental results indicates that the end plates, instead of being adiabatic, function as fins due to the contact between adjacent plates. The experimental data is used to validate a thermal conduction model in ANSYS, which indicates that the end plates fin efficiency is a function of fluid convective heat transfer coefficient and conductive thermal resistance. In the FPHE, the pressing force of the frame may affect the contact thermal resistance, thus change the fin efficiency. In BPHE, the fin efficiency is much higher due to the larger contact area and higher conductivity of the brazing material. Although the effect of end plates is quickly diluted by the increased number of plates in real applications, it could be significant when plate number is small, as is often the case in laboratory settings for the development of heat transfer correlations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)740-748
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - 2017


  • End plates
  • Heat transfer
  • Plate heat exchanger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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