Effect of decay on ultrasonic velocity and attenuation measurements in wood

Megan McGovern, Adam Senalik, George Chen, Frank C. Beall, Henrique M Reis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) wood cube specimens were exposed to Gloeophyllum fungus (Gloeophyllum trabeum) for increasing periods of time ranging from one week to twelve weeks. The corresponding mass of each of these specimens was recorded before and after they were subjected to the controlled decay. Using X-ray computed tomography (CT) the specimens' corresponding mass loss due to decay and corresponding densities were calculated. For each of the three principal material directions of these specimens with controlled decay, ultrasonic longitudinal and (polarized) shear velocity measurements along with the corresponding attenuation measurements are presented. The measurements were carried out using longitudinal and shear ultrasonic transducers with a center frequency of 100 kHz. A steel delay line was used because of the relative small size of the wooden specimens relative to the used wavelengths. Waveform averaging was used along with the phase-slope method to measure velocities. It was observed that the velocities increase with increasing frequency and decrease with increasing amount of decay, while the corresponding attenuations increase with increasing frequency and with amount of decay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011
Volume7981
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2011
EventSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 7 2011Mar 10 2011

Other

OtherSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period3/7/113/10/11

Keywords

  • attenuation
  • Loblolly pine
  • rot
  • ultrasonic velocity
  • wood
  • wood decay
  • X-ray computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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