Effect of Chemical Pretreatment on Drying Kinetics and Physio-chemical Characteristics of Yellow European Plums

Harjeet Singh Brar, Prabhjot Kaur, Jayasankar Subramanian, Gopu R. Nair, Ashutosh Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drying of plums to prunes is an important postharvest processing step, as it results in a product with higher nutrient density, increased shelf life, and significantly greater antioxidant and fiber content. However, due to the waxy layer present on the plums surface having low permeability toward moisture, plum dries very slowly which is an energy-demanding process. Therefore, to breakdown waxy layer on the surface and enhancement of skin moisture diffusivity, two genotypes (V91074 and V95141) of Yellow European Plums (YEPs) were dipped in 1% (w/v) of Ascorbic Acid (AA), Citric Acid (CA), and Potassium Meta-bisulfite (KMS) solution for 1 min at 40°C. The pretreated YEPs were dried at three different temperatures (50°C, 60°C, and 70°C) until a final moisture content of approximately 30% (wet basis) was reached. It was observed that treated samples (AA and KMS) dried faster as compared to untreated samples, except for CA treatment where no significant difference in drying time was observed. One model cannot be selected for describing the thin layer drying characteristics of YEPs. Five out of 11 models used were found to be a perfect fit for genotype V91074 and genotype V95141, respectively. Pretreatment had a significant effect on effective moisture diffusivity (Deff). Deff for untreated and treated plum samples ranged between 4.6 × 10−11 to 8.6 × 10−11 (m2/s) and 4.9 × 10−11 to 9.1 × 10−11 (m2/s). The drying temperature had a significant effect on phenolic content and antioxidant activity, whereas no significant effect of pretreatment was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S252-S279
JournalInternational Journal of Fruit Science
Volume20
Issue numberS2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Yellow European Plums
  • drying
  • drying kinetics
  • pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

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