Effect of bovine leukemia virus on bovine mammary epithelial cells

L. Martinez Cuesta, Maria Victoria Nieto Farias, Pamela A. Lendez, Raymond R.R. Rowland, Maureen A. Sheahan, Felipe A. Cheuquepán Valenzuela, Maia S. Marin, Guillermina Dolcini, Maria Carolina Ceriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a retrovirus that infects cattle and is associated with an increase in secondary infections. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of BLV infection on cell viability, apoptosis and morphology of a bovine mammary epithelial cell line (MAC-T), as well as Toll like receptors (TLR) and cytokine mRNA expression. Our findings show that BLV infection causes late syncytium formation, a decrease in cell viability, downregulation of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2, and an increase in TLR9 mRNA expression. Moreover, we analyzed how this stably infected cell line respond to the exposure to Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a pathogen known to cause chronic mastitis. In the presence of S. aureus, MAC-T BLV cells had decreased viability and decreased Bcl-2 and TLR2 mRNA expression. The results suggest that mammary epithelial cells infected with BLV have altered the apoptotic and immune pathways, probably affecting their response to bacteria and favoring the development of mastitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number197678
JournalVirus Research
Volume271
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BLV
  • Immune response
  • Mastitis
  • TLRs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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