Effect of amines on the surface charge properties of iron oxides

Pascale Bénézeth, David J. Wesolowski, Donald A. Palmer, Michael L. MacHesky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Specific studies detailing the effects of amines, used as pH control agents for corrosion inhibition in power plants, on the surface charge of iron oxides provide data to assess the mechanism of how these amines impact deposition rate. The current study was undertaken in order to determine accurately the dissociation constants of the relevant amines at Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) operating conditions and to investigate the effect of sorption of two of these amines (morpholine and dimethylamine) by magnetite. The acid-dissociation equilibria of morpholine (MOR), dimethylamine (DMA) and ethanolamine (ETA) were measured potentiometrically with a hydrogen-electrode concentration cell (HECC) from 0 to 290∈°C in sodium trifluoromethanesulfonate (NaTr) solutions at ionic strengths up to 1 mol · kg-1. Magnetite surface titrations were performed at an ionic strength of 0.03 mol · kg -1 (NaTr medium) in the presence or absence of morpholine and dimethylamine buffers over a wide range of pH and total amine concentrations at 150-250∈°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)925-945
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Solution Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Acid-dissociation constants
  • Amines
  • Corrosion
  • High temperature
  • Magnetite
  • Surface charge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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