Effect of alternative milling techniques on the yield and composition of corn germ oil and corn fiber oil

V. Singh, R. A. Moreau, K. B. Hicks, S. R. Eckhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of alternative corn wet-milling (intermittent milling and dynamic steeping (IMDS), gaseous SO2 and alkali wet-milling) and dry grind ethanol (quick germ and quick fiber with chemicals) production technologies were evaluated on the yield and phytosterol composition (ferulate phytosterol esters, free phytosterols, and fatty acyl phytosterol esters) of corn germ and fiber oil and compared with the conventional wet-milling process. Small but statistically significant effects were observed on the yield and composition of corn germ and fiber oil with these alternative milling technologies. The results showed that the germ and fiber fractions from two of the alternative wet-milling technologies (the gaseous SO2 and the IMDS) had, for almost all of the individual phytosterol compounds, either comparable or signficantly higher yields compared with the conventional wet-milling process. Also, both of the modified dry grind ethanol processes (the quick germ and quick fiber) with chemicals (SO2 and lactic acid) can be used as a new source of corn germ and fiber and can produce oils with high yields of phytosterols. The alkali wet-milling process showed significantly lower yields of phytosterols compounds in germ but showed significantly higher yield of free phytosterols, fatty acyl phytosterol esters and total phytosterols in the fiber fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-49
Number of pages4
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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