EEG Theta and Alpha Oscillations in Early Versus Late Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Semantic Go/NoGo task

Elizabeth A. Lydon, Lydia T. Nguyen, Shraddha A. Shende, Hsueh Sheng Chiang, Jeffrey S. Spence, Raksha A. Mudar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is marked by episodic memory deficits, which can be used to classify individuals into early MCI (EMCI) and late MCI (LMCI). Although mounting evidence suggests that individuals with aMCI have additional cognitive alterations including deficits in cognitive control, few have examined if EMCI and LMCI differ on processes other than episodic memory. Using a semantic Go/NoGo task, we examined differences in cognitive control between EMCI and LMCI on behavioral (accuracy and reaction time) and neural (scalp-recorded event-related oscillations in theta and alpha band) measures. Although no behavioral differences were observed between the EMCI and LMCI groups, differences in neural oscillations were observed. The LMCI group had higher theta synchronization on Go trials at central electrodes compared to the EMCI group. In addition, the EMCI group showed differences in theta power at central electrodes and alpha power at central and centro-parietal electrodes between Go and NoGo trials, while the LMCI group did not exhibit such differences. These findings suggest that while behavioral differences may not be observable, neural changes underlying cognitive control processes may differentiate EMCI and LMCI stages and may be useful to understand the trajectory of aMCI in future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113539
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
StatePublished - Jan 7 2022


  • Alpha
  • Cognitive control
  • Early mild cognitive impairment
  • EEG
  • Late mild cognitive impairment
  • Theta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'EEG Theta and Alpha Oscillations in Early Versus Late Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Semantic Go/NoGo task'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this