Educational Differences in Health among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in Brazil and Mexico

Flavia C.D. Andrade, Mariana López-Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study examines educational differences in health conditions among middle-aged and older adults in Brazil and Mexico. Method: Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey and the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey were used in the analyses. We used multivariate Poisson regressions to examine the relationship between educational level and prevalence of common health conditions (obesity, abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and hearing and visual impairments). Results: Socioeconomic and sex inequalities persist in both countries. In general, low levels of education were associated with higher risk for having health conditions. However, men of lower education had a smaller risk of abdominal obesity and hypertension. Discussion: Brazil and Mexico have expanded public health actions aimed at improving health behaviors, diagnosis, and access to treatment of chronic conditions. However, important social disparities remain. Improving lifestyle behaviors, such as physical activity and dietary habits, could benefit both countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-950
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • chronic conditions
  • education
  • health disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Educational Differences in Health among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in Brazil and Mexico'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this