Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks (eDisk). VI. Kinematic Structures around the Very-low-mass Protostar IRAS 16253-2429

Yusuke Aso, Woojin Kwon, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Jes K. Jørgensen, John J. Tobin, Yuri Aikawa, Itziar de Gregorio-Monsalvo, Ilseung Han, Miyu Kido, Patrick M. Koch, Shih Ping Lai, Chang Won Lee, Jeong Eun Lee, Zhi Yun Li, Zhe Yu Daniel Lin, Leslie W. Looney, Suchitra Narayanan, Nguyen Thi Phuong, Jinshi Sai Insa Choi, Kazuya SaigoAlejandro Santamaría-Miranda, Rajeeb Sharma, Shigehisa Takakuwa, Travis J. Thieme, Kengo Tomida, Jonathan P. Williams, Hsi Wei Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Precise estimates of protostellar masses are crucial to characterize the formation of stars of low masses down to brown dwarfs (BDs; M * < 0.08 M ). The most accurate estimation of protostellar mass uses the Keplerian rotation in the circumstellar disk around the protostar. To apply the Keplerian rotation method to a protostar at the low-mass end, we have observed the Class 0 protostar IRAS 16253-2429 using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in the 1.3 mm continuum at an angular resolution of 0.″07 (10 au), and in the 12CO, C18O, 13CO (J = 2-1), and SO (J N = 65−54) molecular lines, as part of the ALMA Large Program Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks project. The continuum emission traces a nonaxisymmetric, disk-like structure perpendicular to the associated 12CO outflow. The position-velocity (PV) diagrams in the C18O and 13CO lines can be interpreted as infalling and rotating motions. In contrast, the PV diagram along the major axis of the disk-like structure in the 12CO line allows us to identify Keplerian rotation. The central stellar mass and the disk radius are estimated to be ∼0.12-0.17 M and ∼13-19 au, respectively. The SO line suggests the existence of an accretion shock at a ring (r ∼ 28 au) surrounding the disk and a streamer from the eastern side of the envelope. IRAS 16253-2429 is not a proto-BD but has a central stellar mass close to the BD mass regime, and our results provide a typical picture of such very-low-mass protostars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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