Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks (eDisk). V. Possible Annular Substructure in a Circumstellar Disk in the Ced110 IRS4 System

Jinshi Sai, Hsi Wei Yen, Nagayoshi Ohashi, John J. Tobin, Jes K. Jørgensen, Shigehisa Takakuwa, Kazuya Saigo, Yusuke Aso, Zhe Yu Daniel Lin, Patrick M. Koch, Yuri Aikawa, Christian Flores, Itziar De Gregorio-Monsalvo, Ilseung Han, Miyu Kido, Woojin Kwon, Shih Ping Lai, Chang Won Lee, Jeong Eun Lee, Zhi Yun LiLeslie W. Looney, Shoji Mori, Nguyen Thi Phuong, Alejandro Santamaria-Miranda, Rajeeb Sharma, Travis J. Thieme, Kengo Tomida, Jonathan P. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have observed the Class 0/I protostellar system Ced110 IRS4 at an angular resolution of 0.″05 ( 1/410 au) as part of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array large program, Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks. The 1.3 mm dust continuum emission reveals that Ced110 IRS4 is a binary system with a projected separation of 1/4250 au. The continuum emissions associated with the main source and its companion, named Ced110 IRS4A and IRS4B, respectively, exhibit disk-like shapes and likely arise from dust disks around the protostars. The continuum emission of Ced110 IRS4A has a radius of 1/4110 au ( 1/40.″6) and shows bumps along its major axis with an asymmetry. The bumps can be interpreted as a shallow, ring-like structure at a radius of 1/440 au ( 1/40.″2) in the continuum emission, as demonstrated from two-dimensional intensity distribution models. A rotation curve analysis on the C18O and 13CO J = 2-1 lines reveals the presence of a Keplerian disk within a radius of 120 au around Ced110 IRS4A, which supports the interpretation that the dust continuum emission arises from a disk. The ring-like structure in the dust continuum emission might indicate a possible annular substructure in the surface density of the embedded disk, although the possibility that it is an apparent structure due to the optically thick continuum emission cannot be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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