Dyslipidemia in obese cats

E. Jordan, S. Kley, N. A. Le, M. Waldron, M. Hoenig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Obesity is an important endocrine disorder in cats and is a risk factor for diabetes similar to humans. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of long-term obesity and different diets (high protein, and high carbohydrate supplemented with saturated fatty acids or n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids) on plasma lipids in the fasted and fed states in 12 lean (LEAN) and 12 obese (OBESE) cats with ultracentrifugation, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. OBESE had higher plasma non-esterified fatty acids and triglycerides, as well as very-low-density-lipoproteins (VLDL) consisting primarily of medium-sized particles. The concentration of low-density-lipoproteins (LDL) was comparable between the groups, although OBESE had mostly very small, whereas LEAN had mostly large particles. The concentration of high-density-lipoproteins (HDL) was lower in OBESE and consisted primarily of small particles. Plasma triglycerides, and triglycerides and cholesterol in all lipoproteins increased postprandially. Different diets had little effect on lipids. Our results show that long-term obese cats develop similar lipoprotein changes to humans, yet, hypertension and atherosclerosis have not been described in obese cats. This suggests that dyslipidemia alone is not sufficient to induce hypertension and atherosclerosis. Other anti-atherogenic factors may be present in the obese, dyslipidemic cat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-299
Number of pages10
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Diabetes
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Ultracentrifugation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology


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