Dynamical spectroscopy and microscopy of proteins in cells

Martin Gruebele, Gary J. Pielak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


With a strong understanding of how proteins fold in hand, it is now possible to ask how in-cell environments modulate their folding, binding and function. Studies accessing fast (ns to s) in-cell dynamics have accelerated over the past few years through a combination of in-cell NMR spectroscopy and time-resolved fluorescence microscopies. Here, we discuss this recent work and the emerging picture of protein surfaces as not just hydrophilic coats interfacing the solvent to the protein's core and functional regions, but as critical components in cells controlling protein mobility, function and communication with post-translational modifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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