Dynamic signal coordination along oversaturated arterials

Ghassan Abu-Lebdeh, Rahim F Benekohal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents a new procedure for signal coordination along oversaturated arterials. It is based on queue management and efficient green time utilization concepts. The main idea is to dynamically manage queue formation and dissipation on system links such that traffic flow is maximized and reasonable through bands are attained. This is achieved by efficiently using green time, preventing intersection blockage, accounting for the non-steady state conditions and providing dynamic, time-dependent control. The problem is formulated as a throughput maximization subject to state and control variables. A solution using Genetic Algorithms (GAs) is then presented. Results show that offsets and green times were dynamically changed as a function of demand and queue lengths. With long queues present, the algorithm utilized appropriate (negative) offsets to reduce or eliminate these queues, and then gradually moved to positive offsets to provide forward green bands, hence normal traffic progression. The algorithm has good potential for on-line real time implementation in an intelligent transportation systems (ITS) environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChallenges, Innovations, and Opportunities
EditorsRahim F. Benekohal
PublisherASCE
Pages521-527
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 Conference on Traffic Congestion and Traffic Safety in the 21st Century - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: Jun 8 1997Jun 11 1997

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1997 Conference on Traffic Congestion and Traffic Safety in the 21st Century
CityChicago, IL, USA
Period6/8/976/11/97

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research

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