Dynamic scapular recognition exercise improves scapular upward rotation and shoulder pain and disability in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a randomized controlled trial

Ayman A. Mohamed, Yih-Kuen Jan, Wadida H. El Sayed, Mohamed E.Abd El Wanis, Abeer A. Yamany

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Abstract

Background: Examine the ability of a dynamic scapular recognition exercise to improve scapular upward rotation and decrease shoulder pain and disability in patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. Methods: A test-retest randomized controlled study design was used. A total of sixty-six patients with unilateral adhesive capsulitis were equally divided into two groups. The study group received a dynamic scapular recognition exercise using a wireless biofeedback system, while the control group received placebo treatment in the form of active range-of-motion (ROM) exercises of the sound upper limb. A digital inclinometer was used to measure the scapular upward rotation and ROM of the shoulder joint, and the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) was used to measure the shoulder pain and disability. Results: Study results showed that after two weeks, there were statistically significant differences between the study and control groups in scapular upward rotation and shoulder flexion and abduction (P <.05) and nonsignificant differences in shoulder external rotation and SPADI (P >.05). After two and six months, there were statistically significant differences between study and control groups in scapular upward rotation; shoulder flexion, abduction and external rotation; and SPADI scores (P <.05). Conclusion: This study showed that a dynamic scapular recognition exercise significantly improves scapular upward rotation and the ROM of shoulder flexion and abduction after two weeks. At two and six months, this exercise improves scapular upward rotation; ROM of shoulder flexion, abduction, and external rotation; and SPADI scores. These improvements persisted for six months after the performance of this exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Adhesive capsulitis
  • dynamic scapular recognition
  • scapular upward rotation
  • shoulder pain and disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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