Dynamic modeling of large-scale magnetorheological damper systems for civil engineering applications

Guangqiang Yang, Billie F. Spencer, Hyung Jo Jung, J. David Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetorheological (MR) dampers are one of the most promising new devices for structural vibration mitigation. Because of their mechanical simplicity, high dynamic range, low power requirements, large force capacity, and robustness, these devices have been shown to mesh well with earthquake and wind engineering application demands and constraints. Quasistatic models of MR dampers have been investigated by researchers. Although useful for damper design, these models are not sufficient to describe the MR damper behavior under dynamic loading. This paper presents a new dynamic model of the overall MR damper system which is comprised of two parts: (1) a dynamic model of the power supply and (2) a dynamic model of the MR damper. Because previous studies have demonstrated that a current-driven power supply can substantially reduce the MR damper response time, this study employs a current driver to power the MR damper. The operating principles of the current driver, and an appropriate dynamic model are provided. Subsequently, MR damper force response analysis is performed, and a phenomenological model based on the Bouc-Wen model is proposed to estimate the MR damper behavior under dynamic loading. This model accommodates the MR fluid stiction phenomenon, as well as fluid inertial and shear thinning effects. Compared with other types of models based on the Bouc-Wen model, the proposed model has been shown to be more effective, especially in describing the force rolloff in the low velocity region, force overshoots when velocity changes in sign, and two clockwise hysteresis loops at the velocity extremes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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