Dynamic Electronic Doping for Correlated Oxides by a Triboelectric Nanogenerator

Yuliang Chen, Ying Zhang, Zhaowu Wang, Taotao Zhan, Yi-cheng Wang, Haiyang Zou, Hui Ren, Guobin Zhang, Chongwen Zou, Zhong Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The metal–insulator transition of vanadium dioxide (VO 2) is exceptionally sensitive to charge density and electron orbital occupancy. Thus three-terminal field-effect transistors with VO 2 channels are widely adopted to control the phase transition by external gating voltage. However, current leakage, electrical breakdown, or interfacial electrochemical reactions may be inevitable if conventional solid dielectrics or ionic-liquid layers are used, which possibly induce Joule heating or doping in the VO 2 layer and make the voltage-controlled phase transition more complex. Here, a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) and a VO 2 film are combined for a novel TENG-VO 2 device, which can overcome the abovementioned challenges and achieve electron-doping-induced phase modulation. By taking advantage of the TENG structure, electrons can be induced in the VO 2 channel and thus adjust the electronic states of the VO 2, simultaneously. The modulation degree of the VO 2 resistance depends on the temperature, and the major variation occurs when the temperature is in the phase-transition region. The accumulation of electrons in the VO 2 channel also is simulated by finite element analysis, and the electron doping mechanism is verified by theoretical calculations. The results provide a promising approach to develop a novel type of tribotronic transistor and new electronic doping technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1803580
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number45
StatePublished - Nov 2018


  • correlated oxides
  • electronic doping
  • three-terminal devices
  • triboelectricnanogenerators
  • vanadium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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