DSA-Aware detailed routing for via layer optimization

Yuelin Du, Zigang Xiao, Martin D F Wong, He Yi, H. S.Philip Wong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In detailed routing for integrated circuit (IC) designs, vias are usually randomly inserted in order to connect between different routing layers. In the 7 nm technology node and beyond, the wire pitch is below 40 nm, and consequently, the vias become very dense, making via layer printing a challenging problem. Recently block copolymer directed self-assembly (DSA) technology has demonstrated great advantages for via layer patterning using guiding templates. To pattern vias with DSA process, guiding templates are usually printed first with conventional lithography, e:g:, 193 nm immersion lithography (193i) that has a coarser pitch resolution. Then the guiding templates will guide the placement of the DSA patterns (e:g:, vias) inside, and these patterns have a flner resolution than the templates. Different template shapes have different control on the overlay accuracy of the inside vias. By performing DSA experiments, the guiding templates can be classified as feasible and infeasible templates according to the overlay requirement of the technology node. The templates that meet the overlay requirement are feasible templates, and other templates are infeasible. Without considering the DSA template constraints in detailed routing, randomly distributed vias may require infeasible templates to be patterned, which makes the via layers incompatible with the DSA process. In this paper, we propose a DSA-aware detail routing algorithm to optimize the via layers such that only feasible templates are needed for via layer patterning. In addition, among all the feasible templates, the one with better overlay accuracy has higher priority to be picked up by the router for via patterning, which further improves the yield. By enabling DSA process for via layer patterning in the 7 nm technology node, the proposed detailed routing strategy tremendously reduces the manufacturing cost and improves the throughput for IC fabrication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAlternative Lithographic Technologies VI
PublisherSPIE
Volume9049
ISBN (Print)9780819499721
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
EventAlternative Lithographic Technologies VI - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 24 2014Feb 27 2014

Other

OtherAlternative Lithographic Technologies VI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period2/24/142/27/14

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Keywords

  • Detailed Routing
  • DSA
  • Template
  • Via Layer Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Du, Y., Xiao, Z., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H., & Wong, H. S. P. (2014). DSA-Aware detailed routing for via layer optimization. In Alternative Lithographic Technologies VI (Vol. 9049). [90492J] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2045756