Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is an important antibiotic in the management of patients with cystic fibrosis, but allergic reactions may develop thus restricting therapy. The aim of this study was to utilize drug (metabolite) antigens to diagnose SMX-mediated allergic reactions in patients with cystic fibrosis. Lymphocytes from 2/12 allergic patients were stimulated to proliferate strongly with the SMX metabolite nitroso SMX (SMX-NO). In contrast, responses to SMX were weak. The introduction of an antigen-driven T-cell enrichment step prior to the analysis of proliferation increased the sensitivity of the assay. SMX-NO responses were detected with lymphocytes from all patients with cutaneous signs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas