Downslope ground movements during liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in centrifuge testing

Scott M. Olson, Mark R. Muszynski, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Camilo Phillips

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Downslope displacements resulting from lateral spreading during fourteen centrifuge tests performed at the NEES facility at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) are summarized. The centrifuge tests were conducted to model lateral spreading of a gently sloping soil profile, triggered by an earthquake, with several configurations and features (such as the presence of a large, rigid foundation element and/or a "deflection wall") in the path of downslope soil movement. The lateral displacements in the free-field area of each test (measured on the container laminar rings) are presented for all test configurations and compared with several existing empirical and semi-empirical approaches to estimate lateral spreading displacements. In general, the Newmark (1965) sliding-block approach with liquefied shear strength ratios yielded the most reasonable estimates of measured displacements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeoCongress 2013
Subtitle of host publicationStability and Performance of Slopes and Embankments III - Proceedings of the 2013 Congress
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Pages927-936
Number of pages10
Edition231 GSP
ISBN (Print)9780784412787
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event2013 Congress on Stability and Performance of Slopes and Embankments III, Geo-Congress 2013 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 3 2013Mar 7 2013

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
Number231 GSP
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Other

Other2013 Congress on Stability and Performance of Slopes and Embankments III, Geo-Congress 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period3/3/133/7/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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  • Cite this

    Olson, S. M., Muszynski, M. R., Hashash, Y. M. A., & Phillips, C. (2013). Downslope ground movements during liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in centrifuge testing. In GeoCongress 2013: Stability and Performance of Slopes and Embankments III - Proceedings of the 2013 Congress (231 GSP ed., pp. 927-936). (Geotechnical Special Publication; No. 231 GSP). American Society of Civil Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412787.095