Donkey and Mule Behavior

Amy Katherine McLean, Francisco Javier Navas González, Igor Federico Canisso

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Donkeys and mules often are misunderstood because of their behavioral differences compared with horses. Working with these animals requires more patience and ability to notice the slightest changes in behavior to diagnose disease. Mules and donkeys form strong bonds and trust with familiar people and other equids. Training mules and hinnies from an early age is key to modifying behavior and acceptance of unfamiliar people. Reproductive behavior is different from that of horses and requires more patience when collecting jacks. Practitioners working with mules and donkeys should take a methodological approach and get to know the animal before performing examinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-588
Number of pages14
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Equine Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Behavior
  • Cognition
  • Donkeys
  • Hinnies
  • Mules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine


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