We investigate the effectiveness of voluntary pollution prevention activities in reducing toxic releases from facilities that reported to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Toxics Release Inventory from 1991-2001, using generalized method of moments dynamic panel data models that recognize the potential endogeneity of the pollution prevention adoption decision on toxic releases. We find that pollution prevention adoption had a negative impact on toxic releases. The estimated coefficients suggest that the effect of pollution prevention adoption is substantial, but short-lived, dissipating within 4 to 5 years. However, a continual adoption of pollution prevention techniques leads to lower steady-state releases, with estimated reductions between 35% and 50%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Economics and Econometrics