Does age modify the cost-effectiveness of community-based physical activity interventions?

Larissa Roux, Mike Pratt, I. Min Lee, Terry Bazzarre, David Buchner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Community-based efforts to promote physical activity (PA) in adults have been found to be cost-effective in general, but it is unknown if this is true in middle-Age specifically. Age group-specific economic evaluations could help inform the design and delivery of better and more tailored PA promotion. Methods: A Markov model was developed to estimate the cost-effectiveness (CE) of 7 exemplar community-level interventions to promote PA recommended by the Guide to Community Preventive Services, over a 20-year horizon. The CE of these interventions in 25- to 64-year-old adults was compared with their CE in middle-Aged adults, aged 50 to 64 years. The robustness of the results was examined through sensitivity analyses. Results: Cost/QALY (quality-Adjusted life year) of the evaluated interventions in 25- to 64-year-olds ranged from $42,456/QALY to $145,868/QALY. Interventions were more cost-effective in middle-Aged adults, with CE ratios 38% to 47% lower than in 25- to 64-year-old adults. Sensitivity analyses showed greater than a 90% probability that the true CE of 4 of the 7 interventions was below $125,000/QALY in adults aged 50 to 64 years. Conclusion: The exemplar PA promotion interventions evaluated appeared to be especially cost-effective for middle-Aged adults. Prioritizing such efforts to this age group is a good use of societal resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-231
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Economics
  • Exercise
  • Health promotion
  • Middle-Age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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