Do infants have a sense of fairness?

Stephanie Sloane, Renee L Baillargeon, David Premack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two experiments examined infants' expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to other individuals. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. The infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inanimate objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. The infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the 2nd year of life already possess context-sensitive expectations relevant to fairness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-204
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Science
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Reward

Keywords

  • infant development
  • morality
  • social cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Do infants have a sense of fairness? / Sloane, Stephanie; Baillargeon, Renee L; Premack, David.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 23, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 196-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sloane, Stephanie ; Baillargeon, Renee L ; Premack, David. / Do infants have a sense of fairness?. In: Psychological Science. 2012 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 196-204.
@article{824617ede4394959a915f4c860aa82ae,
title = "Do infants have a sense of fairness?",
abstract = "Two experiments examined infants' expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to other individuals. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. The infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inanimate objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. The infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the 2nd year of life already possess context-sensitive expectations relevant to fairness.",
keywords = "infant development, morality, social cognition",
author = "Stephanie Sloane and Baillargeon, {Renee L} and David Premack",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1177/0956797611422072",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "196--204",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do infants have a sense of fairness?

AU - Sloane, Stephanie

AU - Baillargeon, Renee L

AU - Premack, David

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - Two experiments examined infants' expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to other individuals. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. The infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inanimate objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. The infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the 2nd year of life already possess context-sensitive expectations relevant to fairness.

AB - Two experiments examined infants' expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to other individuals. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. The infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inanimate objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. The infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the 2nd year of life already possess context-sensitive expectations relevant to fairness.

KW - infant development

KW - morality

KW - social cognition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856490037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856490037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0956797611422072

DO - 10.1177/0956797611422072

M3 - Article

C2 - 22258431

AN - SCOPUS:84856490037

VL - 23

SP - 196

EP - 204

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 2

ER -