Do immigrants gain or lose by occupational licensing?

Rafael Gomez, Morley Gunderson, Xiaoyu Huang, Tingting Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper studies the effects of occupational licensing in Canada on the earnings of immigrants and nonimmigrants. The econometric model is estimated for immigrants and non-immigrants as well as between joiners and leavers from occupationally licensed jobs using a large panel data set. The results suggest that occupational licensing raises wages more for immigrant workers than for non-immigrants with similar observed characteristics. However, the probability of being in an occupationally licensed job is lower for immigrants as compared to non-immigrants. The implications of these findings for whether immigrants gain or lose from occupational licensing are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)s80-s97
JournalCanadian Public Policy
StatePublished - Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Earnings
  • Immigrants
  • Longitudinal data
  • Occupational licensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

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