Do economic downturns fuel racial animus?

D. Mark Anderson, Benjamin Crost, Daniel I. Rees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We estimate the effect of economic conditions during the Great Recession on racial animus, as measured by Google searches for a commonly used anti-black racial slur and hate crimes against blacks. Our empirical strategy exploits pre-recession cross-state variation in the size of two economic sectors particularly affected by the Great Recession: manufacturing and real estate. We find that states that were dependent on these sectors were hit hardest by the Great Recession, experienced the largest increases in racist internet searches, and experienced the largest increases in hate crimes against blacks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Economic conditions
  • Google trends
  • Hate
  • Racial attitudes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Do economic downturns fuel racial animus?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this