DNA-mediated interactions present a significant opportunity for controlling colloidal self-assembly. Using microcontact printing to achieve spatial control of DNA-surface patterning and DNA-functionalized polystyrene colloids, we report that DNA hybridization can be utilized for sequence-specific reversible self-assembly of well-ordered 2D colloidal arrays. Two essential indicators of DNA-hybridization mediated assembly were confirmed; thermal reversibility and sequence specificity. The arrays melted at 50°C and reassembled when introduced to fresh colloid suspension, and sequence specificity with <1% nonspecific binding was confirmed using fluorescent polystyrene colloids. The real-time assembly of the colloids onto the periodically patterned substrate was monitored by simple laser diffraction to obtain assembly kinetics. Maximum surface coverage of DNA-mediated assembly was determined to be 0.593 for DNA-functionalized 100 nm polystyrene colloids, and 90% of the assembly was complete after 6.25 h of hybridization in 50 mM NaCl Tris buffer. We also demonstrate that DNAzymes, catalytic DNA molecules, can be incorporated into the design, and in the presence of 10 μM Pb2+, the hybridization-induced array assembly can be disrupted via DNAzyme activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry