Diversity in fatty acid elongation enzymes: The FabB long-chain β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I initiates fatty acid synthesis in Pseudomonas putida F1

Qiaoqiao Guo, Canyao Zhong, Huijuan Dong, John E. Cronan, Haihong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The condensation of acetyl-CoA with malonyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) by β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III (KAS III, FabH) and decarboxylation of malonyl-ACP by malonyl-ACP decarboxylase are the two pathways that initiate bacterial fatty acid synthesis (FAS) in Escherichia coli. In addition to these two routes, we report that Pseudomonas putida F1 β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I (FabB), in addition to playing a key role in fatty acid elongation, also initiates FAS in vivo. We report that although two P. putida F1 fabH genes (PpfabH1 and PpfabH2) both encode functional KAS III enzymes, neither is essential for growth. PpFabH1 is a canonical KAS III similar to E. coli FabH whereas PpFabH2 catalyzes condensation of malonyl-ACP with short- and medium-chain length acyl-CoAs. Since these two KAS III enzymes are not essential for FAS in P. putida F1, we sought the P. putida initiation enzyme and unexpectedly found that it was FabB, the elongation enzyme of the oxygen-independent unsaturated fatty acid pathway. P. putida FabB decarboxylates malonyl-ACP and condenses the acetyl-ACP product with malonyl-ACP for initiation of FAS. These data show that P. putida FabB, unlike the paradigm E. coli FabB, can catalyze the initiation reaction in FAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105600
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume300
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Pseudomonas putida
  • decarboxylase
  • fatty acid synthase II
  • fatty acid synthesis initiation
  • β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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