Diurnal variation of gravity wave momentum flux and its forcing on the diurnal tide

Alan Z. Liu, Xian Lu, Steven J. Franke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The diurnal variation of gravity wave (GW) momentum flux is derived from the 5 years of meteor radar wind measurements at Maui, Hawaii. The amplitude and phase relationships between the GW forcing and the diurnal tide are analyzed by calculating their equivalent Rayleigh frictions. The results show that the GW momentum flux is clearly modulated by the diurnal tide. The forcing from the momentum flux convergence has strong effects on both the amplitude and phase of the diurnal tide. They can reach 80 ms - 1 day - 1 for the amplitude and 15 h day - 1 for the phase. The GW forcing tends to increase the diurnal tide amplitude above 90 km but has a small damping effect below 90 km. It tends to increase the phase of the diurnal tide throughout all altitudes. Seasonal variations of the GW forcing exist, which result in differences in their effects on the diurnal tide. The magnitudes of the forcing are in agreement with recent results from satellite observations but are much larger than values used in general circulation models. This work also demonstrates that meteor radar measurements can provide a valuable data set for the study of GW-tide interactions. Key PointsDerived diurnal variation of gravity wave momentum fluxEstablished the relationship between gravity wave forcing and diurnal tideMeteor radar can be used for the study of gravity wave tide interactions

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1668-1678
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 27 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • diurnal tide
  • gravity waves
  • momentum flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Diurnal variation of gravity wave momentum flux and its forcing on the diurnal tide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this