Diurnal changes in sucrose phosphate synthase activity in leaves

S. C. Huber, P. S. Kerr, T. W. Rufty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies were conducted to identify and compare diurnal changes in sucrose phosphate synthase (EC 2.4.1.14) activity in leaves of different species, and the effect of nitrogen nutrition on the rhythm in soybean [Glycine max (L). Merr] leaves. In recently expanded corn (Zea mays L.) leaves, a single peak of enzyme activity was observed at the beginning of the photoperiod. A similar pattern was observed in older corn leaves, but activities (leaf fresh weight basis) were lower. In recently expanded pea (Pisum sativum L.) and soybean leaves, two peaks of sucrose phosphate synthase activity were observed over a 24‐h light:dark period, one at the beginning and one at the end of the photoperiod. A similar pattern was observed in older soybean leaves, but activities were generally lower and the amplitude of the changes was reduced. In a separate experiment, soybean plants were grown in the greenhouse with either 2 or 10 mM nitrate. The high‐N plants had higher rates of photosynthesis and translocation, and greater activities of sucrose phosphate synthase in leaf extracts, compared to low‐N plants. Over both experiments with soybeans, changes in sucrose phosphate synthase activity during the photoperiod were closely aligned with changes in translocation rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1985

Keywords

  • Assimilate export
  • Glyxine max
  • N‐nutrition
  • Pisum sativum
  • Zea mays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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