Distribution of mitochondrial DNA lineages among Native American tribes of Northeastern North America

R. S. Malhi, B. A. Schultz, D. G. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mtDNA haplogroups of 185 individuals from Native American tribes in Northeast North America were determined. A subset of these individuals was analyzed by sequencing hypervariable segments I and II of the control region. The haplogroup frequency distributions of populations in the Northeast exhibit regional continuity that predates European contact. A large amount of gene flow has occurred between Siouan-and Algonquian-speaking groups, probably due to an Algonquian intrusion into the Northeast. The data also support both the Macro-Siouan hypothesis and a relatively recent intrusion of Northern Iroquoians into the Northeast. These conclusions are consistent with archaeological and linguistic evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-55
Number of pages39
JournalHuman biology
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Admixture
  • Algonouian
  • Iroquoian
  • Language group
  • Migration
  • Sequence
  • Siouan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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