Distribution of cations in wurtzitic In xGa 1-xN and In xAl 1-xN alloys: Consequences for energetics and quasiparticle electronic structures

Luiz Cláudio De Carvalho, André Schleife, Jürgen Furthmüller, Friedhelm Bechstedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ternary, isostructural, wurtzite-derived group-III mononitride alloys In xGa 1-xN and In xAl 1-xN are reexamined within a cluster expansion approach. Using density functional theory together with the AM05 exchange-correlation functional, the total energies and the optimized atomic geometries of all 22 clusters classes of the cluster expansion for each material system are calculated. The computationally demanding calculation of the corresponding quasiparticle electronic structures is achieved for all cluster classes by means of a recently developed scheme to approximately solve the quasiparticle equation based on the HSE06 hybrid functional and the G 0W 0 approach. Using two different alloy statistics, the configurational averages for the lattice parameters, the mixing enthalpies, and the bulk moduli are calculated. The composition-dependent electronic structures of the alloys are discussed based on configurationally averaged electronic states, band gaps, and densities of states. Ordered cluster arrangements are found to be energetically rather unfavorable, however, they possess the smallest energy gaps and, hence, contribute to light emission. The influence of the alloy statistics on the composition dependencies and the corresponding bowing parameters of the band gaps is found to be significant and should, hence, lead to different signatures in the optical-absorption or -emission spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115121
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 27 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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