Distinguishing Dimensions of Anxiety and Depression

Jack B. Nitschke, Wendy Heller, Jennifer C. Imig, Roderick P. McDonald, Gregory A. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Symptom covariation and lack of symptom specificity have proven to be complicating factors in research on the emotional, cognitive, and physiologic characteristics of anxiety and depression. Numerous attempts have been made to investigate the unique and overlapping features of anxiety and depression. Of interest in the present study were potential distinctions among proposed types of anxiety and depression. A variety of self-report measures were administered to 783 college students. Correlational analyses and confirmatory factor analyses converged in suggesting that anxious arousal (somatic anxiety) and anxious apprehension (worry) represent distinct affective dimensions that can be distinguished from depression and negative affect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2001


  • Anxiety
  • Anxious apprehension
  • Anxious arousal
  • Depression
  • Negative affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Distinguishing Dimensions of Anxiety and Depression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this