Distinction, quantification and mapping of potential and realized supply-demand of flow-dependent ecosystem services

Romain Goldenberg, Zahra Kalantari, Vladimir Cvetkovic, Ulla Mörtberg, Brian Deal, Georgia Destouni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study addresses and conceptualizes the possible dependence of ecosystem services on prevailing air and/or water flow processes and conditions, and particularly on the trajectories and associated spatial reach of these flows in carrying services from supply to demand areas in the landscape. The present conceptualization considers and accounts for such flow-dependence in terms of potential and actually realized service supply and demand, which may generally differ and must therefore be distinguished due to and accounting for the prevailing conditions of service carrier flows. We here concretize and quantify such flow-dependence for a specific landscape case (the Stockholm region, Sweden) and for two examples of regulating ecosystem services: local climate regulation and storm water regulation. For these service and landscape examples, we identify, quantify and map key areas of potential and realized service supply and demand, based for the former (potential) on prevailing relatively static types of landscape conditions (such as land-cover/use, soil type and demographics), and for the latter (realized) on relevant carrier air and water flows. These first-order quantification examples constitute first steps towards further development of generally needed such flow-dependence assessments for various types of ecosystem services in different landscapes over the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-609
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Ecosystem services
  • Flow dependence
  • Local climate regulation
  • Potential and realized service
  • Stockholm region
  • Storm water regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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