Dissociation of carbon dioxide in arrays of microchannel plasmas

C. Shin, T. Oh, T. J. Houlahan, C. H. Fann, S. J. Park, J. G. Eden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Energy efficiencies above η = 12% have been observed for the nonthermal dissociation of pure carbon dioxide (i.e. in the absence of carrier gas) at atmospheric pressure in arrays of microchannel plasmas. Microplasma 'chips' similar to those developed for the plasmachemical production of ozone from O2 or air (Kim et al 2017 Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 226 2923) generate spatially uniform, abnormal glow plasmas in 1 atm. of CO2 and consume 1-8 W of average power when driven by sinusoidal or bipolar pulsed voltage waveforms (pulse repetition frequency of 15-20 kHz). Fabricated in nanoporous alumina, the microchannels are 250 m in width, 150 m in depth, and 3 cm in length, and the array on each chip typically comprises 12 channels. Intense emission from microplasma arrays, recorded over the ∼335-700 nm spectral interval when E/N ≈ 100 Td, is dominated by fluorescence which indicates that both and electronically-excited CO (e.g. CO) are generated primarily by multistep electron impact processes. Dissociative recombination of the ground state species appears to also be a contributing factor in CO production. Owing to the modest power consumption and active volume of a single chip, the CO generation efficiency for a single array is 45 g kWh-1 for a CO2 flow rate of 70 sccm and the dissociation efficiency is 4.3%. The connection of four chips in tandem in a commercial module increases the CO2 dissociation efficiency to 20% and ∼11% for flow rates of 70 sccm and 200 sccm, respectively. Data acquired with multiple chips confirms the scalability of the CO2 dissociation process, and suggests the economic viability of the commercial production of CO for the synthesis of formic acid, methanol, and syngas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume52
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2019

Keywords

  • CO dissociation
  • microplasmas
  • plasma chemistry
  • spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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