Dispersal and wetland fragmentation

Bradley J. Cosentino, Robert L. Schooley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Wetlands provide habitat for a diverse array of aquatic and semiaquatic species, many of which provide direct economic and recreational value. Despite the ecosystem services provided by wetland fauna and flora, historical wetland loss has been dramatic. Wetland loss was >50% in the USA and 60-70% in Europe by the 1980s, with most losses resulting from agriculture and urban development. Although habitat loss can result from natural, stochastic events, anthropogenic habitat loss and subsequent fragmentation are among the most important drivers of biodiversity loss. One mechanism underlying the loss of biodiversity after habitat loss and fragmentation is the breakdown of wetland connectivity previ- ously maintained by dispersal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Wetland Book
Subtitle of host publicationI: Structure and Function, Management, and Methods
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages105-111
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9789048196593
ISBN (Print)9789400714717
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2018

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Connectivity
  • Dispersal
  • Fragmentation
  • Landscape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Cosentino, B. J., & Schooley, R. L. (2018). Dispersal and wetland fragmentation. In The Wetland Book: I: Structure and Function, Management, and Methods (pp. 105-111). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_56