Methods for detecting spatial and spatiotemporal clusters of health and disease have advanced significantly in the past decade. This article reviews recent advances in four areas: spatial search processes, network-based methods, statistical analysis and modelling of local clusters and space-time cluster detection. I then turn to a more critical discussion of the implications of hotspot mapping for public health policy and intervention, highlighting the need to incorporate process-based understandings that impact spatial and social inequalities in ill health for particular health issues in particular geographic contexts.
- public health
- spatial cluster detection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)